FSO vs. BSO vs. ISO
Full Spectrum CBD Extract
Full Spectrum is a whole plant extract.
This means the oil contains multiple cannabinoids, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, proteins, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Having all of these components allows you to get the most out of the entourage effect, meaning this is the most effective option.
Full spectrum oils also have trace amounts of Delta 9–THC. While these trace amounts are 0.3% or less, they can show up on drug tests from continued use.
Benefits of Full Spectrum CBD:
1. Pain and Inflammation-
Researchers have investigated the pain-relieving effects of CBD. A small 2020 randomized, placebo-controlled trial investigated the use of topical CBD oil on people with peripheral neuropathy of the legs.
In this small study, participants with peripheral noncancer neuropathic pain received either 250 milligrams (mg) of CBD total dissolved in 3 oz of oil) or a placebo.
After 4 weeks, the researchers noted a statistically significant reduction in intense pain, sharp pain, cold and itchy sensations in those using CBD oil. Participants did not report any side effects.
Although the results of this small trial are positive, it involved just 29 participants, so researchers need to conduct more investigations to confirm the results.
Another study review demonstrated that a 1:1 combination of THC and CBD sprayed in the back of the mouth (a pharmaceutical product called Sativex) might be effective for noncancer related chronic pain.
However, the researchers do not know which of the two compounds had the most significant effect. Also, the follow-up period for this study was 15 weeks. Scientists must carry out further research to confirm whether long-term pain control is possible.
This spray that contained both THC and CBD may also have anti-inflammatory properties. An earlier study on people living with rheumatoid arthritis showed that Sativex reduced the Disease Activity Score-28, which demonstrates a decrease in inflammation.
These studies show the potential effectiveness of CBD on pain and inflammation.
2. Depression and Anxiety-
Many animal studies on the effects of CBD on mood disorders showed promising results. An earlier article in Neuropsychopharmacology outlined a study on humans where researchers demonstrated that CBD could reduce anxiety caused by public speaking.
The participants took a CBD preparation before a public-speaking event. They reported feeling less anxiety and discomfort. Researchers suggest that CBD may help relieve anxiety associated with the anticipation of a fearful event.
The participants also had lower negative self-evaluation during public speaking. Researchers suggest that serotonin receptors may play a role in the effects of CBD on anxiety.
3. Addiction management and treatment-
Some experts suggest that CBD oil can help people with addiction by reducing activation of the amygdala, a brain area involved in addiction.
Cravings for drugs generally occur by exposure to a particular cue. So, reducing the craving during cues can help people abstain from heroin.
A study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry explored CBD’s effect on cue-inducing craving and anxiety in people with heroin use disorder. The researchers demonstrated that compared with placebo, those who took CBD had lower cravings and anxiety. These results are promising and require further investigation.
Broad Spectrum CBD Extract
Broad spectrum oils typically have no or non-detectable THC – hence the name “broad” instead of “full”.
A broad spectrum oil can be two or more isolates blended together or a blend of whole plant extracts. These whole plant extracts are mixed together until the THC is not present or non-detectable like in the Helping Friendly Hemp Company’s Broad Spectrum CBD Soft Chews.
Broad spectrum is the way to go if you are worried about THC content.
Benefits of broad-spectrum CBD-
CBN may have the following potential health effects
While most broad-spectrum CBD products do not contain THC, some may have trace amounts.
Like full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD products may also have some additional health benefits due to the resulting entourage effect.
CBD isolate is exactly what it sounds like. CBD is isolated from a whole plant extract and has no other active ingredients.
Isolate often comes as a white powder or a mix with a carrier oil.
These products do not contain the compounds needed to complete the entourage effect, so they are not as effective. However, they are still a popular product considering the price point is normally much cheaper.
Benefits of CBD isolate-
People who wish to avoid THC altogether may prefer using CBD isolate products.
With CBD isolate, a person can determine if CBD alone eases their ailments effectively, as there are no other active compounds present that may interfere or interact with its effects.
What is the difference between Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and CBD isolate?
CBD is one of many compounds in the cannabis plant. Other than tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it is the plant’s most abundant compound.
The main difference between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD is the compounds they contain.
If a CBD product contains several naturally occurring cannabis plant extracts, such as terpenes and other cannabinoids — including up to 0.3% THC — it is full-spectrum CBD.
Broad-spectrum CBD also contains several cannabis plant compounds, but it is typically entirely free of THC. That said, there may sometimes be trace amounts of THC in broad-spectrum CBD products.
CBD isolate is the third common form of CBD. This is the pure form of CBD and contains no other cannabis plant compounds.