CBG (cannabigerol)

By now, almost everyone knows about the main compounds found in the hemp plant, THC and CBD. What not too many people realize, is there are hundreds of other compounds in the plant with therapeutic properties, including CBG (cannabigerol). CBG is not often found in high amounts, but it is important to learn what is is and what it can do for many reasons.

Where does CBG come from?

CBG is only present in trace amounts (<1%) in most strains of hemp, and is considered a minor cannabinoid.

Hemp plants produce cannabigerolic acid (CBGa). With the help of specific enzymes, this precursor molecule breaks down or "directs" it towards one of the main cannabinoid lines: tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCa), cannabidiolic acid (CBDa), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCa). Once these acids are exposed to heat or ultra violet (UV) light, they turn into the cannabinoids we all know, THC and CBD. Due to the nature of this process more THC present means less CBD/CBG, and vise versa. Below is a chart showing the normal paths of cannabinoids as they are created from CBGa. 

Recently, breeders have been working on ways to optimize the CBG contents of their hemp plants. This is being accomplished by cross-breeding and genetic manipulation of the plants to produce a higher total CBG. Scientists have also pinpointed the exact time during the hemp life cycle during which the plant has the highest amount of CBG. This allows the plants to be harvested at the optimal extraction time for this new compound. 

Potential Benefits of CBG

While there is much research to still be done, it has been determined that CBG interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors, as well as other specific physiological systems. This activity has led scientists to believe that CBG could be potentially useful for many medical uses.

  • Endocannabinoid receptors are exceptionally high around the eyes. CBG reduces introacular pressure and is a powerful vasodilator, which could make it particularly effective in treating glaucoma

  • During an animal study, CBG was shown to decrease the inflammatory action of IBS and inflammatory bowel disease.

  • In a recent study done in 2015, CBG was shown to protect neurons in mice with Huntington's disease from degeneration, which has led scientists to believe CBG has nueroprotective properties 

  • Evidence from a study done in Europe shows the potential for CBG as an antibacterial agent, specifically against MRSA microbial strains. CBG has been used to treat skin infections sine the 1950s, but the science behind the effectiveness wasn't understood until now
  • In a very recent study, a form of purified CBG with THC removed was shown to be a potential appetite stimulant. This could lead to a new non-psychotropic therapeutic options to combat cachexia, the sever musle and weight loss associated with late stage cancer and other diseases.

Can CBG get you high?

While there is currently not extensive research on the exact effects of CBG, it has been shown to be non-psychoactive like CBD. Early research on CBG show that it could be an important and useful compound for consumers looking for the medical benefits from the hemp plant without the "head high".


Want to try CBG? Check out these products:

Hemp Flower: CBG Greenhouse Flower 

This strain is grown in a light deprivation greenhouse, and has a light "frosted" look and orange hairs. Great for day time use, and smokes perfectly smooth.

Tinctures: Full Spectrum CBD + CBG Tinctures by Hyve CBD (20:1)

 Hyve CBG tinctures take everything you love about a normal full spectrum CBD tincture, and infuse extra CBG for anyone looking for the specific benefits of cannabigerol

Edibles: CBD:CBG Soft Chews by NTRL (5:1)

NTRL CBG Soft Chews are thr perfect way to try CBG for the first time. Each gummy contains 25mg of total cannabinoids, 20mg of CBD and 5mg of CBG. They come in bags as small as 5 pieces, making this one of the cheapest ways to try CBG. They also come in two amazing flavors, blue razz and orange creamsicle!

Pure CBG: Pure CBG Isolate Powder Crystal by Hemp Hop

This is CBG in its purest form. This can be used to manufacture or mix your own CBG products and blends, or it can be used as an additive to any current Hemp or Cannabis product for a bit of added boost!

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